CBD Isolate vs. Full Spectrum: Understanding the Difference

If you are new to CBD, there are many things you need to consider before making your first purchase. One of the most important choices that you will need to make when choosing a CBD product is whether to go with full spectrum CBD or isolate CBD. Even though both types of CBD extract offer significant benefits, understanding the difference between these two types of CBD is crucial to experience the best results.

What Is CBD Extract?

CBD, also known as cannabidiol, is one of the dozens of organic compounds found in hemp. In recent years, CBD has been proven to have an array of medicinal benefits such as relieving pain, alleviating anxiety, and promoting sleep. In fact, CBD is so effective and has become so popular among medical professionals and their patients that it is now being extracted and manufactured into products like oils, edibles, and creams.  

Is Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Legal?

The 2018 Farm Bill legalized hemp in the United States last December. The bill established different norms and regulation that benefit the hemp industry including removing hemp from the federal list of controlled substances and taking away the DEA’s power to treat hemp as an illicit drug. Industrial hemp is now classified as an agricultural commodity and is regulated by the Department of Agriculture and individual state agencies. The bill has encouraged many to look into hemp-derived CBD as a medicinal supplement and/or financial investment since experts project the CBD industry will surpass the $20 billion mark in the next four years.

CBD Full Spectrum vs. Isolate: What’s the Difference?

When searching for CBD products online, you will often come across the terms full spectrum and isolate. These define the content of hemp products. Learning about these two main types of hemp products will help you make a smarter choice when purchasing CBD online.

What Is CBD Isolate?

CBD isolate is a crystalline powder containing 99% pure cannabidiol from hemp. All other components of the hemp plant are removed to achieve pure CBD extracts. Pure CBD isolate is obtained through a purification process where all plant material minus CBD is filtered out of the extracts. After filtration, the extracted substance goes through a more rigorous process called winterization. Winterization removes all remaining elements that might have stuck around after filtration. This leaves a fine, white powder consisting of only CBD.

How to Use CBD Isolate

The white powder known as CBD isolate is entirely odorless and tasteless. Because of its lack of taste and odor, users around the world have learned to use CBD isolate in a variety of ways.

By far the easiest and most effective way to take CBD isolate is through sublingual consumption. Simply, place a dose of CBD isolate under your tongue and hold it there for 30 to 60 seconds. This allows the CBD to be absorbed by the capillaries under your tongue which deliver CBD directly to your bloodstream. Since CBD isolate is 100% tasteless, it also makes for the perfect additive to your foods and drinks. Try it in smoothies, acai bowls, or your morning coffee. You can also use isolate powder in baked goods like cakes, cookies, and brownies. A daily dose of CBD isolate in your foods is the best way to benefit from the properties of CBD in a delicious and familiar way.

What is Full-Spectrum CBD?

As opposed to CBD isolate, full spectrum CBD contains a combination of all other cannabinoids found in hemp. However, only minimal amounts of these cannabinoids are included in a full spectrum solution– CBD is still the main ingredient. Some compounds in full spectrum CBD include CBN (cannabinol), CBG (cannabigerol), and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). Even though THC is often included in full spectrum solutions, it comes in very low concentrations (less than 0.3%), resulting in no psychoactive effects.

What Is Broad Spectrum CBD?

Another common term you may come across in your CBD journey is broad spectrum CBD, a term often erroneously used in place of full spectrum CBD. So, what is the difference between broad spectrum and full spectrum CBD products?

As the name implies, broad spectrum CBD contains more compounds than just CBD. However, unlike full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum formulas do not contain all compounds found in hemp.

What Are the Benefits of Full Spectrum CBD?

As mentioned before, both isolate and full spectrum CBD offers numerous benefits. It was previously believed that products made with pure CBD were more potent than full spectrum CBD.  However, recent studies suggest full and broad spectrum formulas may provide stronger relief over time because of the entourage effect.

The Entourage Effect

This phenomenon refers to the way different cannabinoids work together to deliver more potent benefits than one specific cannabinoid alone. Traces of cannabis compounds like CBN, CBG, and terpenes enhance the effects of CBD due to these compounds also having significant medicinal properties. Broad and full spectrum formulas even contain THC which can also help improve how CBD works without causing any psychoactive effects.

How to Use Full Spectrum CBD

Like pure CBD isolate, full spectrum CBD is also extremely versatile. Dozens of brands online offer full spectrum products like CBD gummy bears, capsules, oils, and even beverages. Most importantly, brands selling broad and full spectrum CBD products today have close to zero percent THC in their formulas, meaning they are completely safe and legal.

How Is CBD Extracted?

Compounds from hemp, such as CBD, can be extracted using different methods; however, the best by far is CO2 extraction.

CO2 extraction refers to a method that uses pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2) to create a highly concentrated form of CBD that is suitable for human consumption. This process pulls the desired phytochemicals like CBD out of the plant material isolating the substance and forming an extract that is free of harmful chemicals, fertilizers, and other undesired substances.

How Does the CO2 Extraction Method Work?

Under certain conditions, carbon dioxide acts like a solvent which is capable of creating a variety of end products. By manipulating temperature and pressure, manufacturers use this method to force CO2 into a state that is somewhere between liquid and gas. This state is known as a “supercritical” state.

In its supercritical state, CO2 works as a highly effective extraction solvent which has been used for years by food companies. For example, supercritical CO2 extraction is used to remove caffeine from coffee and to extract essential oils from plants.

When it comes to CBD extraction, supercritical CO2 is passed through a high-tech chamber where it pulls all of the desired chemicals (in this case CBD) out of the plant material. After the CBD is extracted with supercritical CO2, the temperature is changed back to room temperature, so all the CO2 evaporates leaving behind a substance that contains no solvents or unwanted chemicals.

Pure CBD Provides Pure Relief

Supercritical CO2 extraction is the industry’s best practice for pure CBD extraction. However, this method requires top of the line high-tech equipment making it an expensive alternative to other less effective extraction methods used by many CBD companies.

If you are considering CBD for your daily routine, it is essential to buy from a CBD company like Pure Relief that gets their extracts through supercritical CO2 extraction. All Pure Relief products are made using CBD obtained through supercritical CO2 extraction. Additionally, our products are formulated by a pharmacist with years of experience in the industry ensuring each CBD item in our collection is safe for your consumption.

For more information about Pure Relief, click here.

Leave a Reply